The present study investigated the pharmacological properties of a piperidine-based novel cocaine analog, namely, (+)-methyl 4β-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-methylpiperidine-3α-carboxylic acid [(+)-CPCA]. Like cocaine, (+)-CPCA inhibited rat synaptosomal dopamine and norepinephrine uptake with high affinity, but was 33-fold less potent than cocaine in inhibiting serotonin uptake. Like cocaine, (+)-CPCA is a locomotor stimulant, although it was less potent and efficacious than cocaine. Importantly, pretreatment with (+)-CPCA dose dependently blocked the locomotor stimulant effects of cocaine in rats. (+)-CPCA completely substituted for cocaine in drug discrimination tests, although it was about 3 times less potent than cocaine. It was also self-administered by rats. Unexpectedly, (+)-CPCA did not enhance cocaine-induced convulsions in mice. As expected from rodent studies, rhesus monkeys readily self-administered (+)-CPCA. However, compared with cocaine, (+)-CPCA showed limited reinforcing properties in rats as assessed by both fixed and progressive ratio intravenous drug self-administration tests. These results collectively suggest that (+)-CPCA has an atypical pharmacological profile having both cocaine-like "agonist" and some cocaine "antagonist" properties. These properties of (+)-CPCA suggest that it may have utility in the treatment of cocaine craving and dependence.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine