Modeling the impact of novel male contraceptive methods on reductions in unintended pregnancies in Nigeria, South Africa, and the United States

Emily Dorman, Brian Perry, Chelsea B. Polis, Lisa Campo-Engelstein, Dominick Shattuck, Aaron Hamlin, Abigail Aiken, James Trussell, David Sokal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective We modeled the potential impact of novel male contraceptive methods on averting unintended pregnancies in the United States, South Africa, and Nigeria. Study design We used an established methodology for calculating the number of couple-years of protection provided by a given contraceptive method mix. We compared a “current scenario” (reflecting current use of existing methods in each country) against “future scenarios,” (reflecting whether a male oral pill or a reversible vas occlusion was introduced) in order to estimate the impact on unintended pregnancies averted. Where possible, we based our assumptions on acceptability data from studies on uptake of novel male contraceptive methods. Results Assuming that only 10% of interested men would take up a novel male method and that users would comprise both switchers (from existing methods) and brand-new users of contraception, the model estimated that introducing the male pill or reversible vas occlusion would decrease unintended pregnancies by 3.5% to 5.2% in the United States, by 3.2% to 5% in South Africa, and by 30.4% to 38% in Nigeria. Alternative model scenarios are presented assuming uptake as high as 15% and as low as 5% in each location. Model results were sensitive to assumptions regarding novel method uptake and proportion of switchers vs. new users. Conclusion Even under conservative assumptions, the introduction of a male pill or temporary vas occlusion could meaningfully contribute to averting unintended pregnancies in a variety of contexts, especially in settings where current use of contraception is low. Implications Novel male contraceptives could play a meaningful role in averting unintended pregnancies in a variety of contexts. The potential impact is especially great in settings where current use of contraception is low and if novel methods can attract new contraceptive users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalContraception
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CYP
  • Male contraception
  • Male pill
  • Mathematical model
  • Reversible vas occlusion
  • Unintended pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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