Objective: To assess the prognostic utility of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score in patients in the emergency department (ED) evaluated for possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Background: The ability of the TIMI risk score to risk stratify patients at initial presentation in the ED with chest pain of unclear etiology is uncertain. Methods: We investigated the prognostic utility of the TIMI risk score in 947 consecutive patients evaluated in the ED for possible ACS. A multivariate analysis was done to evaluate the independent predictive power of the individual components of the TIMI risk score to predict an adverse event at 30 days (all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization). Results: There were 151 (16%) patients diagnosed with ACS. At 30 days there were 48 (5%) deaths, 84 (9%) myocardial infarctions, and 49 (5%) coronary revascularization procedures. The mean TIMI risk score was significantly higher in patients with an adverse event compared with those without (2.6 ± 1.3 vs. 1.7 ± 1.2, P < 0.0001). Four of the 7 TIMI risk factors (age ≥65 years, ST segment deviation ≥0.5 mm elevated troponin I, and coronary stenosis ≥50%) were independently associated with adverse events. A simplified TIMI risk score was computed and was found to have similar prognostic ability as the 7 variable TIMI risk score. Conclusion: A modified TIMI risk score may simplify risk stratification of ED patients with undifferentiated chest pain.
- Acute coronary syndromes
- Emergency department
- Risk stratification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine