The cDNA encoding the human polymerase β from HeLa cells was PCR amplified and cloned, and its nucleotide sequence determined. The DNA sequence is identical to the polymerase β cDNA sequence from Tera-2 cells. Three expression strategies were employed that were designed to maximize translation initiation of the polymerase β mRNA in Escherichia coli and all yielded a high level of human polymerase β. The recombinant protein was purified and its properties were compared with those of the recombinant rat enzyme. The domain structure and kinetic parameters (k(cat) and K(m)) were nearly identical. A mouse IgG monoclonal antibody to the rat enzyme (mAb-10S) was approximately 10-fold less reactive with the human enzyme than with the rat enzyme as determined by ELISA. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
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