An 18-year-old, gravida I underwent percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS) because of positive triple screen, oligohydramnios and markedly short fetal bones. Chromosome analysis showed an abnormal chromosome 18 with unidentified chromatin at the end of the p-arm. Parental karyotypes were normal. FISH analyses with wcp18 showed additional material of unknown origin on the derivative chromosome 18. Further FISH analysis with subtelomeric probes showed normal signals for the long arm of chromosome 18 (18q23) while no signals were observed for the short arm (18p11.32). These findings were confirmed using a YAC probe from the short arm of 18. The infant was delivered at 30 weeks of gestation. At age 3 months, she was developmentally delayed and has multiple dysmorphic features. Further molecular cytogenetic studies including M-FISH and subtelomere probes showed that the additional material on chromosome 18 consisted of the distal 17q25→qter region. Based on these studies the karyotype has been interpreted as 46,XX,der(18)t(17;18)(q25;p11.32). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of partial monosomy 18p and partial trisomy 17q in a patient with no major CNS malformations. This case shows the importance of molecular cytogenetic techniques in detailed characterization of de novo chromosome rearrangements.
- Monosomy 18p11.3→pter
- Trisomy 17q25→qter
- Unbalanced translocation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine