Molecular Detection of Colistin Resistance mcr-1 Gene in Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated from Chicken

Md Bashir Uddin, Mohammad Nurul Alam, Mahmudul Hasan, S. M.Bayejed Hossain, Mita Debnath, Ruhena Begum, Mohammed A. Samad, Syeda Farjana Hoque, Md Shahidur Rahman Chowdhury, Md Mahfujur Rahman, Md Mukter Hossain, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Åke Lundkvist, Josef D. Järhult, Mohamed E. El Zowalaty, Syed Sayeem Uddin Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Zoonotic and antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli (hereafter, E. coli) is a global public health threat which can lead to detrimental effects on human health. Here, we aim to investigate the antimicrobial resistance and the presence of mcr-1 gene in E. coli isolated from chicken feces. Ninety-four E. coli isolates were obtained from samples collected from different locations in Bangladesh, and the isolates were identified using conventional microbiological tests. Phenotypic disk diffusion tests using 20 antimicrobial agents were performed according to CLSI-EUCAST guidelines, and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined for a subset of samples. E. coli isolates showed high resistance to colistin (88.30%), ciprofloxacin (77.66%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (76.60%), tigecycline (75.53%), and enrofloxacin (71.28%). Additionally, the pathotype eaeA gene was confirmed in ten randomly selected E. coli isolates using primer-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The presence of mcr-1 gene was confirmed using PCR and sequencing analysis in six out of ten E. coli isolates. Furthermore, sequencing and phylogenetic analyses revealed a similarity between the catalytic domain of Neisseria meningitidis lipooligosaccharide phosphoethanolamine transferase A (LptA) and MCR proteins, indicating that the six tested isolates were colistin resistant. Finally, the findings of the present study showed that E. coli isolated from chicken harbored mcr-1 gene, and multidrug and colistin resistance. These findings accentuate the need to implement strict measures to limit the imprudent use of antibiotics, particularly colistin, in agriculture and poultry farms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number97
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Escherichia coli
  • McR-1 gene
  • PCR
  • Poultry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology

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