Molecular determinants and mechanism for antibody cocktail preventing SARS-CoV-2 escape

Zhiqiang Ku, Xuping Xie, Edgar Davidson, Xiaohua Ye, Hang Su, Vineet Menachery, Yize Li, Zihao Yuan, Xianwen Zhang, Antonio E. Muruato, Ariadna Grinyo i Escuer, Breanna Tyrell, Kyle Doolan, Benjamin J. Doranz, Daniel Wrapp, Paul F. Bates, Jason S. McLellan, Susan R. Weiss, Ningyan Zhang, Pei Yong ShiZhiqiang An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Antibody cocktails represent a promising approach to prevent SARS-CoV-2 escape. The determinants for selecting antibody combinations and the mechanism that antibody cocktails prevent viral escape remain unclear. We compared the critical residues in the receptor-binding domain (RBD) used by multiple neutralizing antibodies and cocktails and identified a combination of two antibodies CoV2-06 and CoV2-14 for preventing viral escape. The two antibodies simultaneously bind to non-overlapping epitopes and independently compete for receptor binding. SARS-CoV-2 rapidly escapes from individual antibodies by generating resistant mutations in vitro, but it doesn’t escape from the cocktail due to stronger mutational constraints on RBD-ACE2 interaction and RBD protein folding requirements. We also identified a conserved neutralizing epitope shared between SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV for antibody CoV2-12. Treatments with CoV2-06 and CoV2-14 individually and in combination confer protection in mice. These findings provide insights for rational selection and mechanistic understanding of antibody cocktails as candidates for treating COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number469
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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