Molecular epidemiology of adenovirus type 7 in the United States, 1966-2000

Dean D. Erdman, Wanhong Xu, Susan I. Gerber, Gregory C. Gray, David Schnurr, Adriana E. Kajon, Larry J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic variation among 166 isolates of human adenovirus 7 (Ad7) obtained from 1966 to 2000 from the United States and Eastern Ontario, Canada, was determined by genome restriction analysis. Most (65%) isolates were identified as Ad7b. Two genome types previously undocumented in North America were also identified: Ad7d2 (28%), which first appeared in 1993 and was later identified throughout the Midwest and Northeast of the United States and in Canada; and Ad7h (2%), which was identified only in the U.S. Southwest in 1998 and 2000. Since 1996, Ad7d2 has been responsible for several civilian outbreaks of Ad7 disease and was the primary cause of a large outbreak of respiratory illness at a military recruit training center. The appearance of Ad7d2 and Ad7h in North America represents recent introduction of these viruses from previously geographically restricted areas and may herald a shift in predominant genome type circulating in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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