Mosquitoes of Western Yunnan Province, China: Seasonal Abundance, Diversity, and Arbovirus Associations

Hai Lin Zhang, Yu Zhen Zhang, Wei Hong Yang, Yun Feng, Roger S. Nasci, Jie Yang, Yong Hua Liu, Chao Liang Dong, Shi Li, Bao Sen Zhang, Zheng Liu Yin, Pi Yu Wang, Shi Hong Fu, Ming Hua Li, Fen Liu, Juan Zhang, Jie Sun, Can Wei Li, Xiao Yan Gao, Hong LiuHuan Yu Wang, Lyle R. Petersen, Guo Dong Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:The western borderland between Yunnan Province, China, and Myanmar is characterized by a climate that facilitates year-round production of mosquitoes. Numerous mosquito-transmitted viruses, including Japanese encephalitis virus circulate in this area. This project was to describe seasonal patterns in mosquito species abundance and arbovirus activity in the mosquito populations.Methods:Mosquitoes were collected in Mangshi and Ruili cities of Dehong Prefecture near the border of China and Burma in Yunnan Province, the Peoples Republic of China in 2010. We monitored mosquito species abundance for a 12-month period using ultraviolet light, carbon dioxide baited CDC light and gravid traps; and tested the captured mosquitoes for the presence of virus to evaluate mosquito-virus associations in rural/agricultural settings in the area.Results:A total of 43 species of mosquitoes from seven genera were collected, including 15 Culex species, 15 Anopheles spp., four Aedes spp., three Armigeres spp., one Mimomyia spp., two Uranotaenia spp. and three Mansonia spp. Species richness and diversity varied between Mangshi and Ruili. Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles sinensis and Anopheles peditaeniatus were the most abundant species in both sampling sites. Ultraviolet light traps collected more specimens than CDC light traps baited with dry ice, though both collected the same variety of mosquito species. The CDC gravid trap was the most effective trap for capture of Culex quinquefasciatus, a species underrepresented in light trap collections. A total of 26 virus strains were isolated, which included 13 strains of Japanese encephalitis virus, four strains of Getah virus, one strain of Oya virus, one strain from the orbivirus genus, and seven strains of Culex pipien pallens densovirus.Conclusions:The present study illustrates the value of monitoring mosquito populations and mosquito-transmitted viruses year-round in areas where the climate supports year-round adult mosquito activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere77017
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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