Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men

A biochemically verified analysis

Melvin L. Moeschberger, Judy Anderson, Yong Fang Kuo, Moon S. Chen, Mary E. Wewers, Robert Guthrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Cigarette smoking prevalence rates among Southeast Asian males are among the highest reported in comparison with other ethnic male groups in the United States. The objective of this study is to profile current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers among Southeast Asian males, based on subject characteristics. Methods. Southeast Asian (Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese) males residing in the Greater Columbus, Ohio, area were surveyed, utilizing culturally sensitive instruments and interviewers, with respect to demographic and acculturation variables. All subjects were biochemically verified by collecting a saliva sample at the time of the interviews. Results. Those Southeast Asian males who quit smoking tended to be older, employed, more assimilated into the U.S. culture, and of Cambodian ethnicity. The current smokers, relative to never smokers, tended to be older, not in the labor force, traditionally oriented to their native culture, less educated, and of Laotion or Vietnamese ethnicity. Conclusions. Specific strategies for smoking cessation programs would indicate more intense, and possibly different, efforts be directed at Southeast Asian males of Laotian and Vietnamese ethnicity who are younger, unemployed and less assimilated into the U.S. culture. On the other hand, smoking prevention programs would target those individuals who are at highest risk of smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smoking
Interviews
Acculturation
Smoking Cessation
Saliva
Ethnic Groups
Demography

Keywords

  • acculturation
  • cotinine
  • logistic models
  • prevalence
  • smoking
  • Southeast Asian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men : A biochemically verified analysis. / Moeschberger, Melvin L.; Anderson, Judy; Kuo, Yong Fang; Chen, Moon S.; Wewers, Mary E.; Guthrie, Robert.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.1997, p. 53-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moeschberger, ML, Anderson, J, Kuo, YF, Chen, MS, Wewers, ME & Guthrie, R 1997, 'Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men: A biochemically verified analysis', Preventive Medicine, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 53-58. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1996.9993
Moeschberger, Melvin L. ; Anderson, Judy ; Kuo, Yong Fang ; Chen, Moon S. ; Wewers, Mary E. ; Guthrie, Robert. / Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men : A biochemically verified analysis. In: Preventive Medicine. 1997 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 53-58.
@article{7175240a415f464aa98c71b7733f518a,
title = "Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men: A biochemically verified analysis",
abstract = "Background. Cigarette smoking prevalence rates among Southeast Asian males are among the highest reported in comparison with other ethnic male groups in the United States. The objective of this study is to profile current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers among Southeast Asian males, based on subject characteristics. Methods. Southeast Asian (Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese) males residing in the Greater Columbus, Ohio, area were surveyed, utilizing culturally sensitive instruments and interviewers, with respect to demographic and acculturation variables. All subjects were biochemically verified by collecting a saliva sample at the time of the interviews. Results. Those Southeast Asian males who quit smoking tended to be older, employed, more assimilated into the U.S. culture, and of Cambodian ethnicity. The current smokers, relative to never smokers, tended to be older, not in the labor force, traditionally oriented to their native culture, less educated, and of Laotion or Vietnamese ethnicity. Conclusions. Specific strategies for smoking cessation programs would indicate more intense, and possibly different, efforts be directed at Southeast Asian males of Laotian and Vietnamese ethnicity who are younger, unemployed and less assimilated into the U.S. culture. On the other hand, smoking prevention programs would target those individuals who are at highest risk of smoking.",
keywords = "acculturation, cotinine, logistic models, prevalence, smoking, Southeast Asian",
author = "Moeschberger, {Melvin L.} and Judy Anderson and Kuo, {Yong Fang} and Chen, {Moon S.} and Wewers, {Mary E.} and Robert Guthrie",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1006/pmed.1996.9993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "53--58",
journal = "Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0091-7435",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multivariate profile of smoking in Southeast Asian men

T2 - A biochemically verified analysis

AU - Moeschberger, Melvin L.

AU - Anderson, Judy

AU - Kuo, Yong Fang

AU - Chen, Moon S.

AU - Wewers, Mary E.

AU - Guthrie, Robert

PY - 1997/1

Y1 - 1997/1

N2 - Background. Cigarette smoking prevalence rates among Southeast Asian males are among the highest reported in comparison with other ethnic male groups in the United States. The objective of this study is to profile current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers among Southeast Asian males, based on subject characteristics. Methods. Southeast Asian (Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese) males residing in the Greater Columbus, Ohio, area were surveyed, utilizing culturally sensitive instruments and interviewers, with respect to demographic and acculturation variables. All subjects were biochemically verified by collecting a saliva sample at the time of the interviews. Results. Those Southeast Asian males who quit smoking tended to be older, employed, more assimilated into the U.S. culture, and of Cambodian ethnicity. The current smokers, relative to never smokers, tended to be older, not in the labor force, traditionally oriented to their native culture, less educated, and of Laotion or Vietnamese ethnicity. Conclusions. Specific strategies for smoking cessation programs would indicate more intense, and possibly different, efforts be directed at Southeast Asian males of Laotian and Vietnamese ethnicity who are younger, unemployed and less assimilated into the U.S. culture. On the other hand, smoking prevention programs would target those individuals who are at highest risk of smoking.

AB - Background. Cigarette smoking prevalence rates among Southeast Asian males are among the highest reported in comparison with other ethnic male groups in the United States. The objective of this study is to profile current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers among Southeast Asian males, based on subject characteristics. Methods. Southeast Asian (Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese) males residing in the Greater Columbus, Ohio, area were surveyed, utilizing culturally sensitive instruments and interviewers, with respect to demographic and acculturation variables. All subjects were biochemically verified by collecting a saliva sample at the time of the interviews. Results. Those Southeast Asian males who quit smoking tended to be older, employed, more assimilated into the U.S. culture, and of Cambodian ethnicity. The current smokers, relative to never smokers, tended to be older, not in the labor force, traditionally oriented to their native culture, less educated, and of Laotion or Vietnamese ethnicity. Conclusions. Specific strategies for smoking cessation programs would indicate more intense, and possibly different, efforts be directed at Southeast Asian males of Laotian and Vietnamese ethnicity who are younger, unemployed and less assimilated into the U.S. culture. On the other hand, smoking prevention programs would target those individuals who are at highest risk of smoking.

KW - acculturation

KW - cotinine

KW - logistic models

KW - prevalence

KW - smoking

KW - Southeast Asian

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030998568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030998568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/pmed.1996.9993

DO - 10.1006/pmed.1996.9993

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 53

EP - 58

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

IS - 1

ER -