Muscle shortening increases sensitivity of fatigue to severe hypoxia in canine diaphragm

Bill Ameredes, M. W. Julian, T. L. Clanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


The effects of inspired O2 on diaphragm tension development during fatigue were assessed using isovelocity (n = 6) and isometric (n = 6) muscle contractions performed during a series of exposures to moderate hypoxia [fraction of inspired O2 (FI(O2)) = 0.13], hyperoxia (FI(O2) = 1), and severe hypoxia (FI(O2) = 0.09). Muscle strips were created in situ from the canine diaphragm, attached to a linear ergometer, and electrically stimulated (30 Hz) to contract (contraction = 1.5 s/relaxation = 2 s) from optimal muscle length (L(o) = 8.9 cm). Isovelocity contractions shortened to 0.70L(o), resulting in a mean power output of 210 mW/cm2. Fatigue trials of 35 min duration were performed while inspired O2 was sequentially changed between the experimental mixtures and normoxia (FI(O2) = 0.21) for 5-min periods. In this series, severe hypoxia consistently decreased isovelocity tension development by an average of 0.1 kg/cm2 (P < 0.05), which was followed by a recovery of tension (P < 0.05) on return to normoxia. These responses were not consistently observed in isometric trials. Neither isovelocity nor isometric tension development was influenced by moderate hypoxia or hyperoxia. These results demonstrate that the in situ diaphragm is relatively insensitive to rapid changes in O2 supply over a broad range and that the tension development of the shortening diaphragm appears to be more susceptible to severe hypoxia during fatigue. This may reflect a difference in either the metabolic or blood flow characteristics of shortening contractions of the diaphragm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2309-2316
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes



  • endurance
  • exertion
  • hyperoxia
  • hypoxemia
  • in situ muscle
  • isokinetic
  • isometric
  • isovelocity
  • muscle mechanics
  • oxygen
  • power
  • respiratory muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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