UNC-45B is a multidomain molecular chaperone that is essential for the proper folding and assembly of myosin into muscle thick filaments in vivo. We have previously demonstrated that its UCS domain is responsible for the chaperone-like properties of UNC-45B. In order to better understand the chaperoning function of the UCS domain we engineered mutations designed to: i) disrupt chaperone-client interactions by removing and altering the structure of the putative client-interacting loop and ii) disrupt chaperone-client interactions by changing highly conserved residues in the putative client-binding groove. We tested the effect of these mutations by using a novel combination of complementary biophysical (circular dichroism, intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, chaperone activity, and SAXS) and in vivo tools (C. elegans sarcomere structure). Removing the client-holding loop had a pronounced effect on the secondary structure, thermal stability, solution conformation and chaperone function of the UCS domain. These results are consistent with previous in vivo findings that this mutation neither rescue the defect in C. elegans sarcomere organization nor bind to myosin. We found that mutating several conserved residues in the client-binding groove do not affect UCS domain secondary structure or structural stability but reduced its chaperoning activity. We found that these groove mutations also significantly altered the structure and organization of the worm sarcomeres. We also tested the effect of R805W, a mutation distant from the client-binding region. Our in vivo data show that, to our surprise, the R805W mutation appeared to have the most drastic effect on the structure and organization of the worm sarcomeres. In humans, the R805W mutation segregates with human congenital/infantile cataract, indicating a crucial role of R805 in UCS domain stability and/or client interaction. Hence, our experimental approach combining biophysical and biological tools facilitates the study of myosin/chaperone interactions in mechanistic detail. Statement of Significance The folding of myosin and the assembly of a functional sarcomere requires the chaperone UNC-45B. The molecular mechanism(s) for how UNC-45B assist in this assembly process or prevent stress-induced aggregation states are presently unknown. Answering this question is a problem at the core of muscle development and function. Here we developed a novel approach that combines biophysical and biological tools to study UNC-45B/myosin interactions in mechanistic detail. Our approach may provide critical insights into the molecular nature of the pathogenesis of many muscle disorders stemming from mutations in sarcomeric proteins including skeletal myopathies and cardiomyopathies, and possibly the age-associated decline in muscle mass and function found in the elderly known as sarcopenia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)