Multicolor single-molecule tracking (SMT) provides a powerful tool to mechanistically probe molecular interactions in living cells. However, because of the limitations in the optical and chemical properties of currently available fluorophores and the multiprotein labeling strategies, intracellular multicolor SMT remains challenging for general research studies. Here, we introduce a practical method employing a nanopore-electroporation (NanoEP) technique to deliver multiple organic dye-labeled proteins into living cells for imaging. It can be easily expanded to three channels in commercial microscopes or be combined with other in situ labeling methods. Utilizing NanoEP, we demonstrate three-color SMT for both cytosolic and membrane proteins. Specifically, we simultaneously monitored single-molecule events downstream of EGFR signaling pathways in living cells. The results provide detailed resolution of the spatial localization and dynamics of Grb2 and SOS recruitment to activated EGFR along with the resultant Ras activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 2 2021|
- EGFR signaling
- Ex vivo protein delivery
- Single molecule
ASJC Scopus subject areas