Neighbourhood ethnic composition and diet among Mexican-Americans

Carlos A. Reyes-Ortiz, Hyunsu Ju, Karl Eschbach, Yong Fang Kuo, James Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:s We explore the association between a neighbourhoods ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans.Design: Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. The variable of interest was percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level.Setting: United States.Subjects A total of 5306 Mexican-American men and women aged 17-90 years.Results: Increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of fruits, carrots, spinach/greens and broccoli and with lower serum levels of Se, lycopene, α-carotene, vitamin C and folate. By contrast, increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with more consumption of corn, tomatoes, hot red chilli peppers and legumes such as beans, lentils or chickpeas.Conclusions: An increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of selective foods (e.g. some fruits, broccoli) and low levels of serum Se or vitamin C, but it was associated with more consumption of other foods (e.g. legumes, tomatoes, corn products) that may have positive effects on health in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2293-2301
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Censuses
Diet
Food
Capsicum
Brassica
Lycopersicon esculentum
Fabaceae
Ascorbic Acid
Zea mays
Fruit
Serum
Lens Plant
Daucus carota
Spinacia oleracea
Nutrition Surveys
Micronutrients
Carotenoids
Folic Acid
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Ethnic composition
  • Health
  • Hispanics
  • Neighbourhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Neighbourhood ethnic composition and diet among Mexican-Americans. / Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A.; Ju, Hyunsu; Eschbach, Karl; Kuo, Yong Fang; Goodwin, James.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 12, 2009, p. 2293-2301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A. ; Ju, Hyunsu ; Eschbach, Karl ; Kuo, Yong Fang ; Goodwin, James. / Neighbourhood ethnic composition and diet among Mexican-Americans. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2009 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 2293-2301.
@article{83f42c99f5b243f9948a80eb469092d1,
title = "Neighbourhood ethnic composition and diet among Mexican-Americans",
abstract = "Objective:s We explore the association between a neighbourhoods ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans.Design: Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. The variable of interest was percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level.Setting: United States.Subjects A total of 5306 Mexican-American men and women aged 17-90 years.Results: Increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of fruits, carrots, spinach/greens and broccoli and with lower serum levels of Se, lycopene, α-carotene, vitamin C and folate. By contrast, increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with more consumption of corn, tomatoes, hot red chilli peppers and legumes such as beans, lentils or chickpeas.Conclusions: An increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of selective foods (e.g. some fruits, broccoli) and low levels of serum Se or vitamin C, but it was associated with more consumption of other foods (e.g. legumes, tomatoes, corn products) that may have positive effects on health in this population.",
keywords = "Diet, Ethnic composition, Health, Hispanics, Neighbourhood",
author = "Reyes-Ortiz, {Carlos A.} and Hyunsu Ju and Karl Eschbach and Kuo, {Yong Fang} and James Goodwin",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980009005047",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "2293--2301",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neighbourhood ethnic composition and diet among Mexican-Americans

AU - Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A.

AU - Ju, Hyunsu

AU - Eschbach, Karl

AU - Kuo, Yong Fang

AU - Goodwin, James

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Objective:s We explore the association between a neighbourhoods ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans.Design: Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. The variable of interest was percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level.Setting: United States.Subjects A total of 5306 Mexican-American men and women aged 17-90 years.Results: Increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of fruits, carrots, spinach/greens and broccoli and with lower serum levels of Se, lycopene, α-carotene, vitamin C and folate. By contrast, increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with more consumption of corn, tomatoes, hot red chilli peppers and legumes such as beans, lentils or chickpeas.Conclusions: An increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of selective foods (e.g. some fruits, broccoli) and low levels of serum Se or vitamin C, but it was associated with more consumption of other foods (e.g. legumes, tomatoes, corn products) that may have positive effects on health in this population.

AB - Objective:s We explore the association between a neighbourhoods ethnic composition and the foods and nutrients consumed by Mexican-Americans.Design: Cross-sectional survey of a large national sample, from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-94), was linked to the 1990 Census. The outcomes were food frequencies and serum levels of micronutrients. The variable of interest was percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level.Setting: United States.Subjects A total of 5306 Mexican-American men and women aged 17-90 years.Results: Increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of fruits, carrots, spinach/greens and broccoli and with lower serum levels of Se, lycopene, α-carotene, vitamin C and folate. By contrast, increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with more consumption of corn, tomatoes, hot red chilli peppers and legumes such as beans, lentils or chickpeas.Conclusions: An increased percentage of Mexican-Americans at the census tract level was associated with less consumption of selective foods (e.g. some fruits, broccoli) and low levels of serum Se or vitamin C, but it was associated with more consumption of other foods (e.g. legumes, tomatoes, corn products) that may have positive effects on health in this population.

KW - Diet

KW - Ethnic composition

KW - Health

KW - Hispanics

KW - Neighbourhood

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74949129861&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74949129861&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980009005047

DO - 10.1017/S1368980009005047

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 2293

EP - 2301

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 12

ER -