Increased cellular adhesion has been postulated to be an early event required of neuroblasts undergoing neurite extension during differentiation. Nerve growth factor (NGF) induces neurite extension in a variety of cell types of neural crest origin. In the PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line, which has been proposed as a model for precursor cells to sympathetic neurons, NGF and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dBcAMP) promote both neurite extension and an increased rate of cell‐substrate adhesion. Since dBcAMP can substitute for NGF in this enhancement of adhesion rate in the PC12 cell line, cAMP has been suggested as a second messenger for NGF. We have shown that in two nearly diploid adrenergic like human neuroblastoma clones, the KA and SY5Y cell lines, which also extend neurites in response to both NGF and dBcAMP, only NGF enhances cellular adhesion, as defined by an increase in the number of cells prelabeled with 35S‐methionine which attach to culture dishes at a given time. Incubation with monospecific antibodies directed against murine β‐NGF abolishes the NGF effect on adhesion. The NGF effect on human neuroblastoma is specific insofar as NGF does not facilitate adhesion of two glioma lines. Unlike the results obtained for PC12, in both SY5Y and KA lines, 1 mM dBcAMP decreases the rate of adhesion to levels significantly below those of controls. Adhesiveness of neuroblastoma cells treated with both NGF and dBcAMP is intermediate between that of cells treated with either agent alone. While theophylline mimics the dBcAMP effect, sodium butyrate has no such effect. At 22°C, the effect of NGF on neuroblastoma substrate adhesion is observable within 5 minutes and persists for 2 hours; treatment of the KA line with NGF at 37°C for 24 hours results in a more persistent enhancement of cell adhesion. Furthermore, both SY5Y and KA exhibit different morphologies when challenged with NGF, dBcAMP, or sodium butyrate. This study suggests that NGF and cyclic AMP do not share a common mechanism of action, but can in fact interest antagonistically in an adrenergic like neuroblastoma model system. Furthermore, the results suggest that increased cellular adhesiveness may not be an obligatory perequisite for neurite extension by neuroblasts in development.
- nerve growth factor
- neurite extension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience