Neurocysticercosis and Other CNS Helminthic Infections

M. B. Tanabe, M. Schilling, A. C. White

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Helminth infections are common worldwide and include infections with roundworms (nematodes) and flatworms (cestodes and trematodes). Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) can be caused by a wide range of helminths. As a group, they are common in resource-limited countries, but are rare in wealthy countries. Among these infections, neurocysticercosis is an important cause of seizures worldwide and also a cause of hydrocephalus. Angiostrongylus, Baylisascaris, Toxocara, and Gnathostoma among others can cause eosinophilic meningitis. In this chapter we review epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the common helminthic infections including infections caused by cestodes, nematodes and trematodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Clinical Neurology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages225-254
Number of pages30
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameCurrent Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)1559-0585
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4043

Keywords

  • Central nervous system infections
  • Cestodes
  • Echinococcosis
  • Helminthic infections
  • Nematodes
  • Neurocystecercosis
  • Parasites
  • Schistosomyasis
  • Trematodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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