Neurotic depressions: A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings

G. L. Klerman, J. Endicott, R. Spitzer, R. M A Hirschfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurotic depression, the most commonly used psychiatric diagnosis, has multiple meanings that are often used interchangeably in clinical practice. The authors identify six different meanings of neurotic depression and present data from a study of 90 depressed inpatients to determine how many patients met several different criteria; 16 patients met four sets of criteria. The overlap that exists between the different meanings is higher than chance alone but not sufficiently high to allow complete interchangeability. Until new diagnostic classes are developed, the authors recommend that the term 'neurotic depression' no longer be used clinically because of its vagueness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume136
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979

Fingerprint

Depressive Disorder
Mental Disorders
Inpatients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Klerman, G. L., Endicott, J., Spitzer, R., & Hirschfeld, R. M. A. (1979). Neurotic depressions: A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136(1), 57-61.

Neurotic depressions : A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings. / Klerman, G. L.; Endicott, J.; Spitzer, R.; Hirschfeld, R. M A.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 136, No. 1, 1979, p. 57-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klerman, GL, Endicott, J, Spitzer, R & Hirschfeld, RMA 1979, 'Neurotic depressions: A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 57-61.
Klerman GL, Endicott J, Spitzer R, Hirschfeld RMA. Neurotic depressions: A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1979;136(1):57-61.
Klerman, G. L. ; Endicott, J. ; Spitzer, R. ; Hirschfeld, R. M A. / Neurotic depressions : A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1979 ; Vol. 136, No. 1. pp. 57-61.
@article{0499b0361dac4f39b6908af72c1ef68a,
title = "Neurotic depressions: A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings",
abstract = "Neurotic depression, the most commonly used psychiatric diagnosis, has multiple meanings that are often used interchangeably in clinical practice. The authors identify six different meanings of neurotic depression and present data from a study of 90 depressed inpatients to determine how many patients met several different criteria; 16 patients met four sets of criteria. The overlap that exists between the different meanings is higher than chance alone but not sufficiently high to allow complete interchangeability. Until new diagnostic classes are developed, the authors recommend that the term 'neurotic depression' no longer be used clinically because of its vagueness.",
author = "Klerman, {G. L.} and J. Endicott and R. Spitzer and Hirschfeld, {R. M A}",
year = "1979",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "136",
pages = "57--61",
journal = "American Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0002-953X",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Association",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neurotic depressions

T2 - A systematic analysis of multiple criteria and meanings

AU - Klerman, G. L.

AU - Endicott, J.

AU - Spitzer, R.

AU - Hirschfeld, R. M A

PY - 1979

Y1 - 1979

N2 - Neurotic depression, the most commonly used psychiatric diagnosis, has multiple meanings that are often used interchangeably in clinical practice. The authors identify six different meanings of neurotic depression and present data from a study of 90 depressed inpatients to determine how many patients met several different criteria; 16 patients met four sets of criteria. The overlap that exists between the different meanings is higher than chance alone but not sufficiently high to allow complete interchangeability. Until new diagnostic classes are developed, the authors recommend that the term 'neurotic depression' no longer be used clinically because of its vagueness.

AB - Neurotic depression, the most commonly used psychiatric diagnosis, has multiple meanings that are often used interchangeably in clinical practice. The authors identify six different meanings of neurotic depression and present data from a study of 90 depressed inpatients to determine how many patients met several different criteria; 16 patients met four sets of criteria. The overlap that exists between the different meanings is higher than chance alone but not sufficiently high to allow complete interchangeability. Until new diagnostic classes are developed, the authors recommend that the term 'neurotic depression' no longer be used clinically because of its vagueness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018380807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018380807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 758829

AN - SCOPUS:0018380807

VL - 136

SP - 57

EP - 61

JO - American Journal of Psychiatry

JF - American Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0002-953X

IS - 1

ER -