New targeted therapies for treatment of thrombosis in antiphospholipid syndrome

Silvia S. Pierangeli, Mariano E. Vega-Ostertag, Emilio B. González

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies (Abs) are associated with thrombosis and pregnancy loss in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), a disorder initially characterised in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but now known to occur in the absence of other autoimmune disease. There is strong evidence that aPL Abs are pathogenic in vivo, from studies of animal models of thrombosis, endothelial cell activation and pregnancy loss. In recent years, progress has been made in characterising the molecular basis of this pathogenicity, which includes direct effects on platelets, endothelial cells and monocytes as well as activation of complement. This review summarises the clinical manifestations of APS and current modalities of treatment, and explains recent advances in understanding the molecular events triggered by aPL Abs on target cells in coagulation pathways as well as effects of aPL Abs on complement activation. Based on this information and on additional scientific evidence using in vitro and in vivo models, new potential targeted therapies for treatment and/or prevention of thrombosis in APS are proposed and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalExpert reviews in molecular medicine
Volume9
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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