New World hantaviruses

Jonin C. Young, J. N. Mills, D. A. Enria, N. E. Dolan, A. S. Khan, T. G. Ksiazek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Since the initial description in 1993 of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and its novel aetiological agent, Sin Nombre virus, our knowledge of the epidemiology of New World hantaviruses has continued to evolve. After the identifying outbreak in the southwestern US, four hantaviruses have been identified in North America with specific rodent hosts and associated with a number of sporadic cases. This stability of case recognition in North America is in contrast to the multiple outbreaks and endemic cases in South America. Despite a plethora of New World hantaviruses and new evidence of person-to-person transmission, the ecological and personal determinants of this human infection remain a mystery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-673
Number of pages15
JournalBritish Medical Bulletin
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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