Nicotine, adolescence, and stress: A review of how stress can modulate the negative consequences of adolescent nicotine abuse

Erica Holliday, Thomas J. Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations


In order to continue the decline of smoking prevalence, it is imperative to identify factors that contribute to the development of nicotine and tobacco addiction, such as adolescent initiation of nicotine use, adolescent stress, and their interaction. This review highlights the biological differences between adolescent and adults in nicotine use and resulting effects, and examines the enduring consequences of adolescent nicotine administration. A review of both clinical and preclinical literature indicates that adolescent, but not adult, nicotine administration leads to increased susceptibility for development of long-lasting impairments in learning and affect. Finally, the role stress plays in normal adolescent development, the deleterious effects stress has on learning and memory, and the negative consequences resulting from the interaction of stress and nicotine during adolescence is reviewed. The review concludes with ways in which future policies could benefit by addressing adolescent stress as a means of reducing adolescent nicotine abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-184
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • Addiction
  • Adolescence
  • Affect
  • Learning and memory
  • Nicotine
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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