Nitric Oxide (NO) mediates a series of physiological processes including regulation of vascular tone, macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity, platelet aggregation, learning and long-term potentiation, neuronal transmission. Although NO mediates several physiological functions, overproduction of NO can be detrimental and play multiple roles in the pathophysiology of focal cerebral ischemia. In the present study NOS activities were evaluated in cerebellum and cerebral cortex of ischemic and post-ischemic reperfused rats using an experimental model of partial cerebral ischemia; moreover, the effects of L-N(G)Nitroarginine (NA, nonselective NOS inhibitor) or 7- Nitroindazole (7-NI, selective neuronal NOS inhibitor) administration were assayed on percentage survival of ischemic rats. An increase of NOS activity in the cerebellum and in cerebral cortex of ischemic and post-ischemic reperfused rats was observed. NA administration failed to induce neuroprotective effects, by increasing percentage of mortality of treated ischemic rats with respect to control group. In contrast, the treatment with the selective neuronal NOS inhibitor, 7-NI, induced a significant neuroprotective effect.
- Cerebral ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience