Nontraumatic pediatric thoracic emergencies

Leonard E. Swischuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The most common nontraumatic pediatric emergency is the patient with an acute pulmonary infection. In this regard, it is important to differentiate viral from bacterial infections, but a problem usually arises when one has to deal with atelectasis associated with viral infections. Asthma is the next most common nontraumatic thoracic emergency, and the problem usually is exacerbation of asthma with or without an associated pulmonary infection. In this regard, bacterial infections do not trigger asthma attacks, but viral infections do. After asthma, endobronchial foreign bodies are next most common; the key to their detection lies in the use of inspiratory-expiratory film sequences. Hydrocarbon aspiration also is common in childhood and manifests primarily in bilateral basilar infiltrates. Spontaneous pneumothorax is uncommon in childhood, but it is becoming increasingly apparent that one can encounter unexpected entities such as delayed congenital diaphragmatic hernia and delayed congenital lobar emphysema in older infants and children. Finally, among the more common causes of vascular congestion in childhood are acute glomerulonephritis and, less often, myocarditis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-233
Number of pages13
JournalEmergency Radiology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

Fingerprint

Emergencies
Virus Diseases
Thorax
Asthma
Pediatrics
Bacterial Infections
Lie Detection
Lung
Pulmonary Atelectasis
Myocarditis
Pneumothorax
Glomerulonephritis
Hydrocarbons
Foreign Bodies
Infection
Blood Vessels

Keywords

  • Chest
  • Children
  • Emergency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Nontraumatic pediatric thoracic emergencies. / Swischuk, Leonard E.

In: Emergency Radiology, Vol. 2, No. 4, 07.1995, p. 221-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Swischuk, Leonard E. / Nontraumatic pediatric thoracic emergencies. In: Emergency Radiology. 1995 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 221-233.
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