Normative and standardized data for cognitive measures in the Mexican health and aging study

Silvia Mejía-Arango, Rebeca Wong, Alejandra Michaels-Obregón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the cognitive instrument used in the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS) in Mexican individuals aged 60 and over and to provide normative values for the Cross Cultural Cognitive Examination test and its modified versions (CCCE). Materials and methods: The CCCE was administered to 5 120 subjects as part of a population-based sample free of neurologic and psychiatric disease from the MHAS 2012 survey. Normative data were generated by age and education for each test in the cognitive instrument as well as for the total cognition score. Pearson correlations and analysis of variance were used to examine the relationship of scores to demographic variables. Results: Results present standardized normed scores for eight cognitive domains: orientation, attention, verbal learning memory, verbal recall memory, visuospatial abilities, visual memory, executive function, and numeracy in three education groups within three age groups. Conclusion. These findings highlight the need for population-based norms for the CCCE, which has been used in population-based studies. Demographic factors such as age and education must be considered when interpreting the cognitive measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S90-S96
JournalSalud publica de Mexico
StatePublished - 2015


  • Age
  • Aging
  • Cognition
  • Education
  • Mexico

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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