Normative data for equivalent, parallel forms of the Judgment of Line Orientation Test

John L. Woodard, Ralph H B Benedict, Timothy A. Salthouse, Jeffrey P. Toth, Dennis J. Zgaljardic, Holly E. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


The Judgment of Line Orientation Test (JLO; Benton, Hamsher, Varney, and Spreen, 1983) permits assessment of visuospatial processing without making demands on motor skills. However, its administration can be time-intensive and frustrating for patients, particularly when used in a geriatric population. We present a single set of normative data to be used for both the odd-item and even-item forms derived from Form V of the JLO based on responses from a healthy geriatric sample. Mean scores and distributions of odd-item and even-item forms were nearly identical, and both forms showed significant correlations with the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration. Cross-validation using the odd form of the JLO on an independent sample from a different geographic location suggested good generalizability of the normative data. We conclude that these JLO short-form normative data may be used in clinical screening situations or when serial assessments are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-462
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Woodard, J. L., Benedict, R. H. B., Salthouse, T. A., Toth, J. P., Zgaljardic, D. J., & Hancock, H. E. (1998). Normative data for equivalent, parallel forms of the Judgment of Line Orientation Test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 20(4), 457-462.