Nosocomial outbreak of novel arenavirus infection, Southern Africa

Janusz T. Paweska, Nivesh H. Sewlall, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Lucille H. Blumberg, Martin J. Hale, W. Ian Lipkin, Jacqueline Weyer, Stuart T. Nichol, Pierre E. Rollin, Laura K. McMullan, Christopher D. Paddock, Thomas Briese, Joy Mnyaluza, Thu Ha Dinh, Victor Mukonka, Pamela Ching, Adriano Duse, Guy Richards, Gillian De Jong, Cheryl CohenBridget Ikalafeng, Charles Mugero, Chika Asomugha, Mirriam M. Malotle, Dorothy M. Nteo, Eunice Misiani, Robert Swanepoel, Sherif R. Zaki, F. Abrahams, T. Aseko, F. G. Benson, M. Bush, D. Cannon, A. Cengimbo, G. Chetty, L. Chibesakunda, C. Chisembele, J. A. Comer, A. Craig, C. De Meyer, J. Erasmus, S. M. Dickerson, E. Farnon, A. A. Grobbelaar, A. Hayward, M. Hoohlo, P. Van Jansen Vuren, A. Kemp, G. Kocher, J. Koethe, P. A. Leman, W. Lubinda, R. Lynen, C. Malibata, A. Marumo, B. Matapo, T. J. Meade, D. Miller, M. Monze, V. C. Mtonga, P. Mwaba, A. Mweene, M. Naidu, T. Nemungadi, C. Oranmore-Brown, C. S. Pak, R. M. Phillips, W. Ramakrishna, Z. Reed, S. Ri, G. Richards, K. Robinson, C. Smith, G. Sharp, G. B. Song, L. Van Der Walt, C. Villar, L. Wamunyima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations


A nosocomial outbreak of disease involving 5 patients, 4 of whom died, occurred in South Africa during September-October 2008. The first patient had been transferred from Zambia to South Africa for medical management. Three cases involved secondary spread of infection from the first patient, and 1 was a tertiary infection. A novel arenavirus was identified. The source of the first patient's infection remains undetermined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1598-1602
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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