Objective: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a known complication of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This study aimed to determine the utility of serial N-Terminal pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NTproBNP) levels in the screening of BPD associated PH (BPD-PH) in preterm infants. Study design: Infants with birth weight <1500 g and <30 week corrected gestational age (CGA) were followed with serial NTproBNP levels and echocardiograms (ECHO). They were divided into control, BPD and BPD-PH groups. Statistical analyses included repeated measures analysis of variance and receiver operator curve (ROC) generation. Results: Infants in the BPD-PH and BPD group had significantly elevated NTproBNP levels as compared to the control group. ROC curves for NTproBNP at 28 weeks CGA provided a cut-point of 2329 pg/ml and 578.1 pg/ml for detection of BPD-PH and BPD, respectively. Conclusions: NTproBNP appears to be a good screening tool to determine the onset of BPD-PH as early as 28 weeks CGA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology