The objective was to examine trend and care quality outcomes associated with nurse practitioner (NP) involvement in Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) via a cross-sectional study of 521 Medicare Shared Savings Program ACOs during 2014 to 2016. Data include ACO provider/beneficiary files, Medicare claims, and ACO performance data with a focus on Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or heart failure. ACO care quality measures were stratified by NP involvement and adjusted for patient, provider, and ACO factors. NP involvement was highest in larger ACOs, states that allow NPs full scope of practice, and rural areas. Greater involvement was associated with fewer readmissions and higher scores on measures of preventive care but not chronic disease and medication management. Greater NP involvement in ACOs was associated with improvement in some care quality measures. With NPs' increasing involvement in ACOs, more research is needed to understand the NP role in processes and outcomes of care.
- accountable care organizations
- nurse practitioners
- quality of care
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine