Nutritional assessment and factors associated to malnutrition in older adults: A cross-sectional study in Bogotá, Colombia

Diego Chavarro-Carvajal, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Rafael Samper Ternent, Antonio J. Arciniegas, Carlos Cano Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the nutritional status and factors associated to malnutrition in older adults. Method: Data come from the SABE Bogotá study (Health, Well-Being, and Aging), a cross-sectional survey conducted in Bogotá, Colombia, in 2012 in community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older. Using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), we evaluated the nutritional status and factors associated to malnutrition in this population with regression models. Results: From the 1,573 older adults interviewed, 4.58% were malnourished and 34.27% were at risk of malnourishment. Factors associated to malnourishment were older age (odds ratio [OR] =1.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.00, 1.04]), perceived poor health (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = [1.13, 1.88]), comorbidities (OR = 1.16, 95% CI = [1.04, 1.30]), and low calf circumference (OR = 2.63, 95% CI = [1.86, 3.72]). Having dentures, perception of being well-nourished, and higher functionality decreased the odds for malnourishment (p <.05). Conclusion: The MNA is useful to evaluate factors associated with malnutrition among older adults in Bogotá. Malnutrition is associated with perception of poor health, comorbidities, number of medications, and cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-319
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • malnutrition
  • Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)
  • older adults
  • SABE Bogotá study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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