Older adults’ socio-demographic determinants of health related to promoting health and getting preventive health care in southern United States: A secondary analysis of a survey project dataset

Huey Ming Tzeng, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Chih Ying Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This exploratory survey study examined the relationship between older adults’ five socio-demographic determinants (urban/rural residence, gender, age, marital status, and education) and their self-reported perception of importance, desire to perform, and ability to perform nine self-care behaviors related to promoting health and getting preventive health care. Methods: We reported a secondary analysis of a dataset from an exploratory survey project; we analyzed 2015-2016 retrospective data collected from a cross-sectional survey study, including 123 adults aged 65 years and older living in southern United States. Data were collected from the Patient Action Inventory for Self-Care and a demographic questionnaire and analyzed using binary and multiple logistic regression analyses. Results: Advancing age, marital separation, and holding less than a high school education were significantly associated with at least one of the unfavorable perceptions of the importance, the desire to perform, and the ability to perform three self-care behaviors. These three behaviors were: (1) creating habits that will improve health and prevent disease, (2) discussing the use of health screening tests with healthcare providers, and (3) joining in local health screening or wellness events. Gender and urban/rural residence were not significant. Conclusions: Comprehensive health care should include an individual’s socio-demographic context and self-care perception of importance, desire, and ability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-131
Number of pages12
JournalNursing Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021

Keywords

  • Disease prevention
  • Health promotion
  • Older adults
  • Self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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