This study investigated the efficacy of Omega-7 isolated from the sea buckthorn oil (Polyvit Co., Ltd, Gangar Holding, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia) in ovine burn wound healing models. In vitro, proliferation (colony-forming rate) and migration (scratch) assays using cultured primary ovine keratinocytes were performed with or without 0.025% and 0.08% Omega-7, respectively. The colony-forming rate of keratinocytes in the Omega-7 group at 72 and 96 h were significantly higher than in the control (P < 0.05). The percentage of closure in scratch assay in the Omega-7 group was significantly higher than in the control at 17 h (P < 0.05). In vivo, efficacy of 4% Omega-7 isolated from buckthorn oil was assessed at 7 and 14 days in grafted ovine burn and donor site wounds. Telomerase activity, keratinocyte growth factor, and wound nitrotyrosine levels were measured at day 14. Grafted sites: Un-epithelialized raw surface area was significantly lower and blood flow was significantly higher in the Omega-7-treated sites than in control sites at 7 and 14 days (P < 0.05). Telomerase activity and levels of keratinocyte growth factors were significantly higher in the Omega-7-treated sites after 14 days compared to those of control (P < 0.05). The wound 3-nitrotyrosine levels were significantly reduced by Omega-7. Donor sites: the complete epithelialization time was significantly shorter and blood flow at day 7 was significantly higher in the Omega-7-treated sites compared to control sites (P < 0.05). In summary, topical application of Omega-7 accelerates healing of both grafted burn and donor site wounds. Omega-7 should be considered as a cost-efficient and effective supplement therapy for burn wound healing.
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