The genome of reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV-T) contains a unique oncogene, designated v-rel, which is inserted into the env region. Employing a cloned rel DNA probe, a single 2.9- to 3.0-kilobase v-rel mRNA was identified in poly(A)+ RNA from REV-T-transformed lymphoid cell lines. A 4.0-kilobase rel-specific transcript corresponding to the cellular homolog of the v-rel oncogene was identified in MSB-1 cells, a herpesvirus-transformed lymphoid cell line. Cytodot hybridization was used to quantitate the levels of rel, c-rel, c-myc, c-myb, c-abl, c-fms, c-Ha-ras, c-Ki-ras, c-src, c-yes, c-mos, and c-sis mRNA in REV-T-transformed cells. The levels of rel transcription in REV-T-transformed cells were elevated only two to eightfold over levels found in the transformed immature avian lymphoid cell line MSB-1. The relatively modest levels of rel transcription in REV-T-transformed cells and the significant differences between the lengths of the v-rel and c-rel mRNA suggest that REV-T transformation is the result of the production of an altered rel protein. The c-rel proto-oncogene is expressed in all avian hematopoietic tissues but is not expressed at significant levels in brain and muscle. The transcription of other proto-oncogenes is not enhanced in REV-T-transformed lymphoid cell lines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science