One Size Does Not Fit All: Sociodemographic Factors Affecting Weight Loss in Adolescents

Claire B. Cummins, Kanika Bowen-Jallow, Sadia Tasnim, John Prochaska, Daniel Jupiter, Alex Wright, Byron D. Hughes, Omar Nunez-Lopez, Elizabeth Lyons, Andrea Glaser, Ravi S. Radhakrishnan, Debbe Thompson, Oscar E. Suman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Successful lifestyle changes for weight reduction are heavily dependent on recognizing the importance of societal and cultural factors. Patients 13-19 years of age with a BMI ≥95th percentile are eligible for our multidisciplinary adolescent weight loss clinic. A behavioral questionnaire was administered at the initial visit. Patients were seen every 4-6 weeks. Bivariate analysis was used to identify sociodemographic factors associated with differences in weight loss. Overall, receiving reduced cost meals was associated with a lower likelihood of losing weight (kg) (p<0.01). When stratified by race, White adolescents were more likely to lose weight if caretakers reported having enough money to buy healthy food (p<0.05); in contrast, Black adolescents were less likely to lose weight (p<0.05). However, Black patients were more likely to lose weight if they reported eating fruits and vegetables (p<0.05). Female adolescents were more likely to lose weight if they felt unhappy about their appearance (p<0.05). Interestingly, male adolescents were less likely to lose weight if they felt unhappy about their appearance (p<0.05). Social and cultural norms influence weight loss in adolescents in unique and differing ways. Culturally competent individualized interventions could increase weight loss in diverse groups of adolescents with obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3736504
JournalJournal of Obesity
Volume2020
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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