Ophthalmic disturbances in children with sensorineural hearing loss

Mehdi Bakhshaee, Toka Banaee, Mohammad Mehdi Ghasemi, Navid Nourizadeh, Behnam Shojaee, Sara Shahriari, Hamid Reza Tayarani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Co-incidence of sensorineural hearing loss and ophthalmic abnormalities has a tremendous influence on development of children. This study was done to determine the nature and prevalence of ophthalmic disturbances in children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss. In a descriptive cross-sectional study, complete ophthalmologic examinations such as assessment of visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, ocular motility examination, slit lamp examination and indirect funduscopy on 50 children with sensorineural hearing loss (determined by ABR), were performed. Thirty-two percent of cases had at least one kind of ophthalmic disturbances. Refractive errors were the most common abnormalities (28%), including astigmatism (12%), myopia and astigmatism (8%), and hyperopia (8%). Three (6%) cases had ocular motility disturbance including one case of esotropia, one case of exophoria and one case of exotropia. Twenty-four percent of cases had retinal abnormalities, including suspected Rubella retinopathy (6%), pigmentary changes suspect to retinitis pigmentosa (4%), optic nerve hypoplasia (4%), and finally poor fovea reflex (10%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-825
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume266
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Astigmatism
  • Hyperopia
  • Myopia
  • Ophthalmic abnormalities
  • Refractive errors
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Visual impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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