A glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 63,000 has been purified, in an active form, from human placental villus tissue membranes. The binding properties of this glycoprotein to opioid alkaloids and peptides indicates that it is the kappa opiate receptor of human placenta. The receptor binds the tritiated ligands etorphine, bremazocine, ethylketocyclazocine and naloxone specifically and reversibly with Kd values of 3.3, 4.4, 5.1 and 7.0nM, respectively. The binding of 3H-Bremazocine to the purified receptor is inhibited by the following compounds with the corresponding Ki values EKC, 1.3×10-8M; Dynorphin 1-8, 3.03×10-7; U50,488H, 4.48×10-9; U69-593, 2.28×10-8, morphine, 4.05×10-6 DADLE, 6.47×10-6 and naloxone, 2.64×10-8. The purified receptor binds 8 nmole of 3H-Etorphine and 1.7 nmole 3H-BZC per mg protein. The theoretical binding capacity of a protein of this molecular weight is 15.8. Although the iodinated purified receptor appears by autoradiography as one band on SDS-PAGE, yet homogeneity of the preparation is not claimed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)