Optimization of Multivalent Gold Nanoparticle Vaccines Eliciting Humoral and Cellular Immunity in an In Vivo Model of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Colonization

Javier I. Sanchez-Villamil, Daniel Tapia, Alfredo G. Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 remains a pathogen of significance and high consequence around the world. This outcome is due in part to the high economic impact associated with massive, contaminated product recalls, prevalence of the pathogen in carrier reservoirs, disease sequelae, and mortality associated with several outbreaks worldwide. Furthermore, the contraindication of antibiotic use for the treatment of EHEC-related infections makes this pathogen a primary candidate for the development of effective prophylactic vaccines. However, no vaccines are approved for human use, and many have failed to provide a high degree of efficacy or broad protection, thereby opening an avenue for the use of new technologies to produce a safe, effective, and protective vaccine. Building on our previous studies using reverse vaccinology-predicted antigens, we refine a formulation, evaluate new immunogenic antigens, and further expand our understanding about the mechanism of EHEC vaccine-mediated protection. In the current study, we exploit the use of the nanotechnology platform based on gold nanoparticles (AuNP), which can act as a scaffold for the delivery of various antigens. Our results demonstrate that a refined vaccine formulation incorporating EHEC antigen LomW, EscC, LpfA1, or LpfA2 and delivered using AuNPs can elicit robust antigen-specific cellular and humoral responses associated with reduced EHEC colonization in vivo. Furthermore, our in vitro mechanistic studies further support that antibody-mediated protection is primarily driven by inhibition of bacterial adherence onto intestinal epithelial cells and by promotion of macrophage uptake and killing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00934-21
JournalmSphere
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • E. coli O157:H7
  • enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli
  • immune response
  • nanovaccine
  • protection
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of Multivalent Gold Nanoparticle Vaccines Eliciting Humoral and Cellular Immunity in an In Vivo Model of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Colonization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this