Although liposomes have been widely employed to transfect DNA into a variety of cell types, no previous studies have systematically examined conditions producing optimal liposomal-mediated transfection of DNA into central nervous system (CNS) cells. Thus, we used the β-galactosidase (β-gal) reporter gene to examine factors influencing the efficiency of liposome-mediated gene transfection in CNS cell cultures. Our results indicate that without increasing the amounts of DNA, increased liposome concentrations within certain limits enhanced transfection efficiency. However, higher liposome levels could produce cell lysis. Without increasing liposome concentrations, increased amounts of DNA did not improve transfection efficiency. Employing the optimal concentration (1 μg DNA/3 μl liposomes/well), β-gal gene expression was sustained for at least two weeks after transfection in primary septo-hippocampal cultures.
- Gene transfer
- Septo-hippocampal cell culture
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