Optimizing outcomes in colorectal surgery: cost and clinical analysis of robotic versus laparoscopic approaches to colon resection

Kevin J. Hancock, V. Suzanne Klimberg, Omar Nunez-Lopez, Aakash H. Gajjar, Guillermo Gomez, Douglas S. Tyler, Laila Rashidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of robotics in colorectal surgery has been steadily increasing, however, reported longer operative times and increased cost has limited its widespread adoption. We investigated the cost of elective colorectal surgery based on type of anatomic resection and the impact of a standardized protocol for robotic colectomies. A retrospective review was conducted of 279 elective colectomies at a single institution between 2013 and 2017. Clinical outcomes and detailed cost data were compared based on open, laparoscopic, or robotic surgical approach and stratified by anatomic resection. Robotic, laparoscopic and open colectomy rates were 35, 34 and 31%, respectively. While total costs were similar in robotic and laparoscopic surgery, anatomic resection stratification showed that low anterior resection (LAR) was significantly cheaper ($14,093 vs $17,314). When a standardized surgical protocol was implemented for robotic colectomies, significant reductions in operative times, length of stay, total cost, and operative cost were observed. Robotic surgery may be most cost effective for elective LAR compared to laparoscopic or open approaches. A standardized surgical protocol for robotic surgery may help reduce costs by reducing operative times, operating rooms expenditure, and lengths of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Colorectal
  • Cost
  • Minimally invasive
  • Robotic
  • Standardized surgical protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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