Organ physiology of aging

B. M. Evers, Courtney Townsend, J. C. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With improvements in medical care over the last several decades, individuals are living longer and, as a result, more surgical procedures will be performed in the geriatric patient. Normal physiologic aging is characterized by a gradual loss of reserve capacity. The effects of the aging process on various organ systems do not usually affect function in the normal state; however, during periods of stress (such as with a surgical procedure or illness), the elderly patient may not be able to meet the increased metabolic demand. This loss of reserve capacity is the single most important factor that decreases the elderly patient's ability to tolerate operations. It is imperative that the surgeon identify the elderly patient who is at increased risk for complications. Specific consideration must be given to proper management of fluid and electrolyte replacement, respiratory management to prevent atelectasis and pneumonia, and monitoring for possible cardiac complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-39
Number of pages17
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Volume74
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

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Pulmonary Atelectasis
Geriatrics
Electrolytes
Pneumonia
Surgeons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Evers, B. M., Townsend, C., & Thompson, J. C. (1994). Organ physiology of aging. Surgical Clinics of North America, 74(1), 23-39.

Organ physiology of aging. / Evers, B. M.; Townsend, Courtney; Thompson, J. C.

In: Surgical Clinics of North America, Vol. 74, No. 1, 1994, p. 23-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Evers, BM, Townsend, C & Thompson, JC 1994, 'Organ physiology of aging', Surgical Clinics of North America, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 23-39.
Evers, B. M. ; Townsend, Courtney ; Thompson, J. C. / Organ physiology of aging. In: Surgical Clinics of North America. 1994 ; Vol. 74, No. 1. pp. 23-39.
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