Organochlorine pesticide residues in different Indian cereals, pulses, spices, vegetables, fruits, milk, butter, Deshi ghee, and edible oils.

Bhupendra Kaphalia, R. Takroo, S. Mehrotra, U. Nigam, T. D. Seth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 244 samples of cereals (wheat flour, rice, and maize), pulses (arhar, moong, gram, lentil, and black gram), spices (turmeric, chili, coriander, and black pepper), vegetables (potato, onion, spinach, cabbage, brinjal, and tomato), fruits (mango, guava, apple, and grape), milk, butter, Deshi ghee, and edible oils (vegetable, mustard, groundnut, and sesame) collected from different cities of Northern Province (Utter Pradesh) were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography for the presence of organochlorine pesticide residues. Residues of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (DDT) were detected in about 85% of the total samples of cereals, spices, milk, butter, Deshi ghee, and edible oils analyzed in the present study. However, the residue levels were either very small (less than 0.06 ppm) or not detected at all in pulses, vegetables, and fruits as compared with very high concentrations in wheat flour (4.42 and 0.12 ppm), butter (1.19 and 4.85 ppm), mustard oil (1.26 and 2.42 ppm), Deshi ghee (1.10 and 3.84 ppm), vegetable oil (1.02 and 0.59 ppm), groundnut oil (0.51 and 1.49 ppm), and chili (0.48 and 1.92 ppm). The levels of HCH and DDT residues detected in rice, maize, turmeric, corlander, black pepper, and all the vegetables and fruits were also lower than those found in wheat flour, oil, and fat samples analyzed in the present study. These findings suggest that a restricted and controlled use of such persistent pesticides may be useful for decreasing their contamination levels in different food items.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-512
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists
Volume73
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1990
Externally publishedYes

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ghee
buttermilk
spice
Pesticide Residues
Spices
Butter
organochlorine pesticides
pesticide residue
Vegetables
pesticide residues
Flour
Piper nigrum
spices
Fruits
Oils and fats
wheat flour
cereal
milk
vegetable
Curcuma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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Organochlorine pesticide residues in different Indian cereals, pulses, spices, vegetables, fruits, milk, butter, Deshi ghee, and edible oils. / Kaphalia, Bhupendra; Takroo, R.; Mehrotra, S.; Nigam, U.; Seth, T. D.

In: Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Vol. 73, No. 4, 07.1990, p. 509-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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