Organochlorine pesticide residues in some Indian wild bids

Bhupendra Kaphalia, M. M. Husain, T. D. Seth, A. Kumar, C. R. Murti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Residues of BHC and DDT were estimated by gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of the internal body organs, depot fat, and blood plasma of a few species of Indian wild birds captured in and around the urban area of Lucknow. Total BHC and γ-BHC (lindane) levels were high in breast muscle, liver, heart, and lung tissues of pigeon, crow, and vulture compared with the respective tissues of chicken, cattle egret, and kite. More lindane and total BHC was found in tissues of vulture compared with other species. The major part of BHC isomers in the brain of birds examined was accounted for by α-BHC. Total BHC detected in depot fat of crows was 29.7 ppm; lesser amounts were found in vulture, kite, and cattle egret, respectively. Total DDT levels were comparable in the blood plasma of chicken, pigeon, crow, and cattle egret, although residues generally showed the following order in the tissues examined: chicken < pigeon < cattle egret < crow < kite < vulture. High levels of DDT were detected in depot fat of crow, kite, and vulture (50.8, 67.0, and 95.3 ppm, respectively). Avian species thus reflect biological magnification of BHC and DDT residues, presumably due to their food habits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPESTIC. MONIT. J.
Pages9-13
Number of pages5
Volume15
Edition1
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Kaphalia, B., Husain, M. M., Seth, T. D., Kumar, A., & Murti, C. R. (1981). Organochlorine pesticide residues in some Indian wild bids. In PESTIC. MONIT. J. (1 ed., Vol. 15, pp. 9-13)