Outcomes of Hospitalizations With Septic Shock Complicated by Types 1 and 2 Myocardial Infarction

Ishan S. Kamat, Salik Nazir, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Vijay Nambi, Prathit Kulkarni, Daniel Musher, Biykem Bozkurt, Juan Carlos Plana, Hani Jneid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Septic shock is a life-threatening host response to infection and a significant contributor to cost burden in the United States. Furthermore, sepsis-related inflammation has been linked to myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to examine the association of type 1 and type 2 MI with outcomes in hospitalizations admitted with septic shock. The National Readmission Database 2018 was queried to identify hospitalizations with hospital discharge diagnoses of septic shock without MI, septic shock with type 1 MI, or septic shock with type 2 MI. Complex-sample multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used to determine the association of these conditions with clinical outcomes. Of 354,528 hospitalizations with septic shock, 11,519 had type 1 MI (3.2%) and 13,970 had type 2 MI (3.9%). Compared with septic shock without MI, type 1 MI was associated with higher mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57 to 1.77), costs (adjusted parameter estimate $4,571, 95% CI 3,020 to 6,122), and discharge to facility (adjusted OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.17). In contrast, septic shock with type 2 MI was associated with similar mortality and discharge to nursing facility and higher costs (adjusted parameter estimate 1,798, 95% CI 549 to 3,047). Septic shock hospitalizations with type 1 MI had higher in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.60 to 1.90, p <0.001) compared with type 2 MI. In conclusion, type 1 MI is associated with higher mortality and resource utilization among septic shock hospitalizations. Furthermore, type 2 MI was associated with higher resource utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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