Outpatient civil commitment in Texas for management and treatment of sexually violent predators: A preliminary report

Walter Meyer, Maria Molett, C. David Richards, Liles Arnold, Janet Latham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


Texas established in 1999 outpatient civil commitment for sexually violent predators discharged from prison with or without parole. These individuals suffer from a behavioral abnormality, have been convicted of two or more sexually violent crimes and are deemed likely to reoffend. Civilly committed individuals are managed by a team composed of case manager (supervision), treatment provider, public safety officer (global positioning satellite monitoring), and other professionals. Treatment consists of individual and group therapy using a standard workbook. Out of 21 committed individuals, 7 are in the treatment, 1 died, 10 are in custody after breaking conditions of commitment that constitute a felony, and 3 await release from prison. Cost of outpatient civil commitment is less than $20,000/person/year compared with more than $100,000 for inpatient commitment in other states. Texas has found outpatient civil commitment to be an effective and relatively low-cost way to protect the public and treat the offender.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-406
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2003



  • Civil commitment
  • Outpatient
  • Sex offender
  • Sexual violent predator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Applied Psychology

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