Overexpression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 reduces oxidation-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells

M. Zhang, M. Shoeb, J. Goswamy, P. Liu, T. L. Xiao, D. Hogan, G. A. Campbell, Naseem H. Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidative stress leading to lipid peroxidation is a problem in neurodegenerative diseases, because the brain is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids and low in endogenous antioxidants. One of the most toxic byproducts of lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), is implicated in oxidative stress-induced damage in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this study, the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y was used to test the protective effects of increasing the detoxification of HNE by overexpressing the HNE-detoxifying enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1). Overexpression of ALDH1 in the SHSY5Y cells acts to reduce production of protein - HNE adducts and activation of caspase-3. Our data suggest that detoxification of HNE could be therapeutic in preventing some of the toxic disruptions of the brain's redox systems found in many neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-694
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2010

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Keywords

  • 4-Hydroxynonenal
  • Apoptosis
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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