Oxandrolone Coadministration Does Not Alter Plasma Propranolol Concentrations in Severely Burned Pediatric Patients

Ashley Guillory, David Herndon, Michael Silva, Clark R. Andersen, Oscar Suman, Celeste Finnerty

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The systemic impact of severe burn injury results in a variety of disorders that require therapeutic intervention. Propranolol, a nonselective β1, β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduces resting heart rate and cardiac work caused by elevated circulating catecholamines. Oxandrolone, a testosterone mimetic, promotes protein synthesis and anabolism to counter muscle wasting. Coadministration of these drugs is expected to synergistically improve patient outcomes. Testosterone administration is known to alter β-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling. Here, we determined whether the coadministration of oxandrolone alters plasma propranolol concentrations. Ninety-two pediatric patients with burns covering ≥30% of the TBSA were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study and randomized to receive propranolol (n = 49) or oxandrolone + propranolol (n = 43). Plasma propranolol concentrations were determined following two dosing strategies: Q6 (liquid formulation; n = 86) and Q24 (extended-release capsule; n = 22). Samples were drawn before drug administration and at regular intervals throughout the next two dosing periods. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded throughout the study. Propranolol half-life was 3.3 hours for the Q6 drug dosing frequency (P < .0001) and 11.2 hours for the Q24 strategy (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.8% for each doubling of the propranolol concentration in the Q6 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.5% for each doubling of propranolol concentration on the Q24 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Maximum and minimum propranolol plasma concentrations were similar with either dosing regimen. The addition of oxandrolone did not affect any of the measured parameters. Oxandrolone coadministration does not alter propranolol’s plasma concentration, half-life, or effect on heart rate. This study is registered at clincialtrials.gov: NCT00675714.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 23 2017

Fingerprint

Oxandrolone
Propranolol
Pediatrics
Heart Rate
Half-Life
Testosterone
Appointments and Schedules
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Adrenergic Antagonists
Research Ethics Committees
Licensure
Burns
Adrenergic Receptors
Catecholamines
Capsules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

@article{bb7495d9c22b4e06be2a6cd160a14a0e,
title = "Oxandrolone Coadministration Does Not Alter Plasma Propranolol Concentrations in Severely Burned Pediatric Patients",
abstract = "The systemic impact of severe burn injury results in a variety of disorders that require therapeutic intervention. Propranolol, a nonselective β1, β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduces resting heart rate and cardiac work caused by elevated circulating catecholamines. Oxandrolone, a testosterone mimetic, promotes protein synthesis and anabolism to counter muscle wasting. Coadministration of these drugs is expected to synergistically improve patient outcomes. Testosterone administration is known to alter β-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling. Here, we determined whether the coadministration of oxandrolone alters plasma propranolol concentrations. Ninety-two pediatric patients with burns covering ≥30{\%} of the TBSA were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study and randomized to receive propranolol (n = 49) or oxandrolone + propranolol (n = 43). Plasma propranolol concentrations were determined following two dosing strategies: Q6 (liquid formulation; n = 86) and Q24 (extended-release capsule; n = 22). Samples were drawn before drug administration and at regular intervals throughout the next two dosing periods. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded throughout the study. Propranolol half-life was 3.3 hours for the Q6 drug dosing frequency (P < .0001) and 11.2 hours for the Q24 strategy (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.8{\%} for each doubling of the propranolol concentration in the Q6 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.5{\%} for each doubling of propranolol concentration on the Q24 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Maximum and minimum propranolol plasma concentrations were similar with either dosing regimen. The addition of oxandrolone did not affect any of the measured parameters. Oxandrolone coadministration does not alter propranolol’s plasma concentration, half-life, or effect on heart rate. This study is registered at clincialtrials.gov: NCT00675714.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.",
author = "Ashley Guillory and David Herndon and Michael Silva and Andersen, {Clark R.} and Oscar Suman and Celeste Finnerty",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
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doi = "10.1097/BCR.0000000000000494",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Burn Care and Research",
issn = "1559-047X",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Oxandrolone Coadministration Does Not Alter Plasma Propranolol Concentrations in Severely Burned Pediatric Patients

AU - Guillory, Ashley

AU - Herndon, David

AU - Silva, Michael

AU - Andersen, Clark R.

AU - Suman, Oscar

AU - Finnerty, Celeste

PY - 2017/2/23

Y1 - 2017/2/23

N2 - The systemic impact of severe burn injury results in a variety of disorders that require therapeutic intervention. Propranolol, a nonselective β1, β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduces resting heart rate and cardiac work caused by elevated circulating catecholamines. Oxandrolone, a testosterone mimetic, promotes protein synthesis and anabolism to counter muscle wasting. Coadministration of these drugs is expected to synergistically improve patient outcomes. Testosterone administration is known to alter β-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling. Here, we determined whether the coadministration of oxandrolone alters plasma propranolol concentrations. Ninety-two pediatric patients with burns covering ≥30% of the TBSA were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study and randomized to receive propranolol (n = 49) or oxandrolone + propranolol (n = 43). Plasma propranolol concentrations were determined following two dosing strategies: Q6 (liquid formulation; n = 86) and Q24 (extended-release capsule; n = 22). Samples were drawn before drug administration and at regular intervals throughout the next two dosing periods. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded throughout the study. Propranolol half-life was 3.3 hours for the Q6 drug dosing frequency (P < .0001) and 11.2 hours for the Q24 strategy (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.8% for each doubling of the propranolol concentration in the Q6 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.5% for each doubling of propranolol concentration on the Q24 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Maximum and minimum propranolol plasma concentrations were similar with either dosing regimen. The addition of oxandrolone did not affect any of the measured parameters. Oxandrolone coadministration does not alter propranolol’s plasma concentration, half-life, or effect on heart rate. This study is registered at clincialtrials.gov: NCT00675714.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

AB - The systemic impact of severe burn injury results in a variety of disorders that require therapeutic intervention. Propranolol, a nonselective β1, β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduces resting heart rate and cardiac work caused by elevated circulating catecholamines. Oxandrolone, a testosterone mimetic, promotes protein synthesis and anabolism to counter muscle wasting. Coadministration of these drugs is expected to synergistically improve patient outcomes. Testosterone administration is known to alter β-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling. Here, we determined whether the coadministration of oxandrolone alters plasma propranolol concentrations. Ninety-two pediatric patients with burns covering ≥30% of the TBSA were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study and randomized to receive propranolol (n = 49) or oxandrolone + propranolol (n = 43). Plasma propranolol concentrations were determined following two dosing strategies: Q6 (liquid formulation; n = 86) and Q24 (extended-release capsule; n = 22). Samples were drawn before drug administration and at regular intervals throughout the next two dosing periods. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded throughout the study. Propranolol half-life was 3.3 hours for the Q6 drug dosing frequency (P < .0001) and 11.2 hours for the Q24 strategy (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.8% for each doubling of the propranolol concentration in the Q6 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Percentage of predicted heart rate declined by 2.5% for each doubling of propranolol concentration on the Q24 dosing schedule (P < .0001). Maximum and minimum propranolol plasma concentrations were similar with either dosing regimen. The addition of oxandrolone did not affect any of the measured parameters. Oxandrolone coadministration does not alter propranolol’s plasma concentration, half-life, or effect on heart rate. This study is registered at clincialtrials.gov: NCT00675714.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

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