P-450 epoxygenase and NO synthase inhibitors reduce cerebral blood flow response to N-methyl-D-aspartate

Anish Bhardwaj, Frances J. Northington, Juan R. Carhuapoma, John R. Falck, David R. Harder, Richard J. Traystman, Raymond C. Koehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids are cerebral vasodilators produced in astrocytes by cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase activity. The P-450 inhibitor miconazole attenuates the increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) elicited by glutamate. We evaluated whether epoxygenase activity is involved in the CBF response to activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtype by using two structurally distinct inhibitors, miconazole and N-methylsulfonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl) hexanamide (MS-PPOH), a selective epoxygenase substrate inhibitor. Drugs were delivered locally through microdialysis probes in striata of anesthetized rats. Local CBF was measured by hydrogen clearance and compared with CBF in contralateral striatum receiving vehicle. Microdialysis perfusion of NMDA doubled CBF and increased nitric oxide (NO) production estimated by recovery of labeled citrulline in the dialysate during labeled arginine infusion. Perfusion of miconazole or MS-PPOH blocked the increase in CBF without decreasing citrulline recovery. Perfusion of N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine decreased baseline CBF and inhibited the CBF response to NMDA. Perfusion of MS-PPOH did not inhibit the CBF response to sodium nitroprusside. We conclude that both the P-450 epoxygenase and NO synthase pathways are involved in the local CBF response to NMDA receptor activation, and that the signaling pathway may be more complex than simply NO diffusion from neurons to vascular smooth muscle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1616-H1624
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4 48-4
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Arachidonic acid
  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
  • Glia
  • Miconazole
  • Microdialysis
  • Nitric oxide
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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