Pancreatic pseudocysts: Is delayed surgical intervention associated with adverse outcomes?

Kaori Ito, Alexander Perez, Hiromichi Ito, Edward E. Whang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Nonsurgical interventions are increasingly applied for pancreatic pseudocysts. We hypothesized that surgical therapy applied after failure of percutaneous or endoscopic therapies for pseudocysts is associated with poorer outcomes than cases in which surgery is the initial intervention. Medical records of all 284 patients admitted with pancreatic pseudocysts at our institution (1/1990-9/2005) were analyzed. Forty-six patients underwent surgery as the initial intervention (group A). Among 162 patients who underwent percutaneous or endoscopic drainage as the initial intervention, 75 patients required subsequent surgery after failure of nonsurgical intervention (group B). Groups were comparable in demographic variables and in location, number, and size of pseudocysts. Forty-two percent of group B patients developed infection within their pseudocysts after their nonsurgical interventions. Compared to group A patients, group B patients had higher rates of overall perioperative morbidity (47.8% vs 73.3%, p∈=∈0.01) and postoperative readmission (24.0% vs 44.7%, p∈=∈0.04). Five (6.7%) group B patients died in the perioperative period; there were no perioperative deaths among group A patients. Delayed surgical intervention for pancreatic pseudocysts is associated with higher incidences of postoperative complications, readmission, morbidity, and mortality. The increasing application of nonsurgical interventions needs to be reevaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1317-1321
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Pancreatic pseudocyst
  • Pancreatic surgery
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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