Parasitic infections of the intestines

Pablo C. Okhuysen, A. Clinton White

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intestinal parasites remain extremely common worldwide. In developing countries, intestinal protozoans are important causes of childhood diarrhea. Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of chronic diarrhea in patients with AIDS. With the advent of current active antiretroviral therapy the incidence of cryptosporidiosis in AIDS has decreased. By contrast, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, and Giardia outbreaks continue to be associated with contamination of food or water. The intestinal helminths Ascaris, hookworm, and Trichuris each infects over a thousand million people. While most of those infected experience only minor symptoms, recent data highlight subtle effects of parasitism on cognitive function and nutrition. Efforts at disease control in developing countries are increasingly focused on mass chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-472
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in infectious diseases
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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