The present experiments examined the potential ability of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) to influence growth of the human colon cancer cell HT-29 and the ability of the cell to adhere to several extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins found in normal tissues. Addition of PTHrP analogs, PTHrP (1-34), PTHrP (67-86), or PTHrP (107-139), to HT-29 cells in culture did not influence cell growth or the adhesion of the cells to wells coated with fibronectin, laminin, or collagen type I. Likewise, in HT-29 cells induced to overexpress PTHrP by stable transfection with PTHrP cDNA, compared to vector-transfected control HT-29 cells, no effect on cell growth occurred. However, in the transfected cells, the increased production of PTHrP significantly enhanced cell adhesion to type I collagen but not to fibronectin or laminin. The results raise the possibility that PTHrP might play a role in colon tumor invasion and metastasis by influencing cell adhesion to specific extracellular matrix proteins.
- Extracellular matrix
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