Partition of catalase (hydrogen-peroxide:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase EC 18.104.22.168) and peroxidase (donor:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase EC 22.214.171.124) activities between the red cell membrane and the cytosol were studied under various experimental conditions. A small but significant amount of catalase (1.6%) was retained on human red cell membranes prepared by hemolysing washed red cells with 30 volumes of 10 mM Tris buffer, pH 7.4. Membrane-bound catalase had a relatively higher peroxidase activity than the soluble enzyme fraction. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate of the solubilized membranes demonstrated catalase to be a single band with a molecular weight of 60 000. Membranes prepared from adenosine triphosphate-depleted red cells depicted a two to three-fold increase in catalase activity, as well as an increase in 60 000 molecular weight band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The extra amount of retained catalase was a less efficient peroxidase than found in fresh membranes. The binding of catalase to ATP-depleted red cell membranes was dependent upon both pH and hemolysing ratio. Red cells incubated at pH 7.1 demonstrated a decrease in bound catalase, as did membranes prepared from red cells hemolysed at 1:100 dilution. β-Mercaptoethanol decreased the catalase activity in the membranes and increased the o-dianisidine peroxidase activity without any significant effect on the 60 000-dalton band.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology