Pattern electroretinography in glaucoma suspects and early primary open angle glaucoma

Ebrahim Jafarzadehpour, Fatemeh Radinmehr, Mohammad Pakravan, Ali Mirzajani, Shahin Yazdani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To explore retinal ganglion cell (RGC) dysfunction in glaucoma suspects and patients with early primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) using pattern electroretinography (PERG). Methods: Twenty glaucoma suspects (glaucomatous optic disc appearance), 15 early POAG (based on abnormal discs and abnormal visual fields) and 16 normal controls were enrolled. Transient PERG was recorded in response to 0.8° and 16° black and white checkerboard stimuli. Amplitude and peak time (latency) of the P50 and N95 components of the PERG response, and the ratio of N95 amplitude in response to 0.8° and 16° checks were measured. Results: N95 peak time (latency) was significantly increased in both early manifest POAG and glaucoma suspects as compared to normal controls (P <0.001). In early POAG, N95 amplitude in response to small (0.8°) checks and the small/large check ratio were reduced in comparison to normal eyes (P<0.05). However, in glaucoma suspects no significant N95 amplitude reduction was observed. No significant difference was observed among the study groups in terms of P50 amplitude or peak time. Conclusion: The N95 PERG response demonstrated uncoupled peak time and amplitude alterations in glaucoma. N95 peak time was significantly increased both in glaucoma suspects and early POAG; N95 amplitude reduction was present only in early POAG. PERG may detect RGC dysfunction (increased latency) before cell death (decreased amplitude) occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research
Volume8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glaucoma suspect
  • Pattern electroretinography
  • Primary open angle glaucoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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